6/13/2009 2:18pm, #1
"Self Defence with an Umbrella" from 1902
All that is necessary is a little practice in the use of the umbrella, and the self-confidence which knowledge of its potency as a weapon of self-defence will give, for the most delicately-nurtured lady to feel herself more than a match for any cowardly ruffian of the streets.
It's interesting to note the differences between the techniques advocated for self defense with a cane, as opposed to an umbrella. The umbrella defenses are based on thrusts with the metal tip and various hooks and traps with the crook handle plus some unarmed close-combat (which is not detailed in this short article), whereas the walking stick techniques also included a wide range of strikes with the stick. It makes sense; umbrellas were typically too light, and well-padded by the folds of silk and springy "ribs", to deal much of a strike, but they could deliver effective bayonet or fencing-style thrusts.
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Bartitsu: the Gentlemanly Art of Self Defence (est. 1899)