Posted On:4/17/2007 5:07pm
More about the previously mentioned Dai Nippon Butoku Kai (bold mine):
When Tokugawa Keiki, the last Shogun had abdicated his political power to the imperial throne in the Meiji Restoration of 1867, Japan embarked on a new nation building to catch up with the west and to develop a position of military and political power in the international community. In that tumultuous process, the traditional martial culture and its philosophical tenets became important instruments of national ideology.
In 1895, the leading élan of martial elites backed by Governor Watanabe of Kyoto Prefecture established The Dai Nippon Butoku Kai (Greater Japan Martial Virtue Society) in Kyoto Japan under the authority of the Ministry of Education and the endorsement of Meiji Emperor to solidify, promote, and standardize all martial disciplines and systems. It intended to restore the classical martial traditions and virtues of Samurai way and it mobilized the nation of Japan with powerful legacy of martial culture. Many outstanding and renowned practitioners in traditional Heiho systems, Kenjutsu, Jiujutsu, Battojutsu, Iaijutsu, Kenpo, Naginatajutsu, Aikijiujutsu, Bojutsu, Sojutsu, Kendo, Karatedo, Iaido, Aikido, Judo, Kobudo and from other Jutsu forms and Do systems joined in the DNBK society of national prominence. It was the first official martial arts institution of Japan sanctioned by the authority of the national government. The Prince Komatsu no Miya Akihito had served as the first Sosai, supreme commander of the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai while Governor Watanabe served as Fuku Sosai, vice-commander. Consequently, DNBK became the prestigious headquarters empowered by the nation's leading experts, and established as the center for training, research, licensing, and publication of all martial arts disciplines. In 1899, the Butokuden was rebuilt again to become the place for the ancient glory and highest status for every martial art practitioner. In 1911, Bujutsu Senmon Gakko ( Busen ) (Martial Arts Professional School) was established within a framework of Dai Nippon Butoku Kai to administer national accreditation, certification and professional training of all martial arts disciplines throughout Japan. By 1930, National Government Record on Martial Arts Profile showed more than three and half million Black Belt holders, and more than two hundred fifty thousand high-ranking experts registered in the eight major martial disciplines. In 1946, after the end of pacific war the GHQ of SCAP (the supreme commander of allied powers) issued the peremptory directive to dissolve all military related organizations, and subsequently DNBK dissolved its organizational charter voluntarily.
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