A brief view of Western Martial Art
This was actually posted by me in other forum, though here i modify it a little.......Anyway feel free to comment,add and correct any errors found in my summary:
"Martial" came from the words Mars,the Roman god of war,so by definition any combat system can be classified any "martial art",and dont get stuck to the mindset that only Asian know how to fight and develop a system for it,those westerners do have their own martial art system,now known as "western martial art"~~~
A forum about western martial art:
Let's have a brief history lesson,the first martial arts of the West should come from Greeks and Romans,for they are taught wrestling as curriculum to become a soldier, one fine example is Plato,who is an accomplished wrestler himself(In fact it is said that plato is not his real name but nickname meaning "broad shoulder").Not to forget greek has this thing known as pankratium,where kicking,boxing,wrestling and submission are allowed,in addition they can gouge eyes,pull hairs,hit groins etc......
Next we talk about knights.Contrary to the popular myths knights can moved quite easily in their armour,in fact the more athletic ones could even somersault onto the horses!!!(this is King Henry VIII of England's favourite stunt,when he was young)Knights dont wear bulky full plated armour in battle,that's only for joustling.Therefore they trained intensively in combat arts like weapons and wrestling. And also,there are some European descendents who could traced their lineage back to Knight Orders~~~
During renaissance era, swordsmanship is more for personal protection rather than for battles, therefore lighter and shorter swords had become more popular. The fencing school sprouted across Europe, particularly Italy~~~However as gunpowder comes along, fencing became less and less popular…….
Now I shall reach the modern state of western MA……due to industrialisation European cities suddenly experienced a surge in population. Being crowded meant that more crimes and brawlings ensued. Prizefighting is prevalent, with wrestling, kicking and even eye gouging and groin hitting!!!@@ Later an Englishman known as James Figg began to systemized Western martial arts into wrestling, boxing, cudgel fighting etc. but only boxing thrives in the end, and the intro of Queenbury rules brought about modern boxing, with the support of bourgeois who wanted to learn it as recreation and self-defense and the commercial support behind it it florished~~~
Some little known facts about Western Martial arts:
Meanwhile the French developed a fighting art primarily using kicks known as “Savate”, supposedly invented by ruffian French sailor,though it is likely there is an influence by Muay Thai.We must also know that traditional wrestling had been in existence in Europe for a long time, thought to be a heritage by the Roman conquerors. Also worthy of mention is the western revival martial art. One example is Greco-Roman wrestling,so-called because it is believed that the Greeks and Romans wrestling that way, and Pankration, a mixture of wrestling, boxing, kickboxing etc. to re-enact how the Greeks fought in Pancratium. Other western revival martial art appears,through getting a hold of combat manuals printed during renaissance era (yes,martial art manuscript!!!)and trying to mimick the technique.
However, I believe that the concept of “Western Martial Art” actually came about due to UFC. Prior to that boxing and wrestling and such are perceived as sport only and not something as good as Eastern Martial Art, a perception even held by the exponents themselves. However, as UFC came about many realized that boxing and wrestling are just as combat effective as Asian ones, if not better~~~